Management process is an action of planning, determining and controlling the initiating and managing the implementation of any kind of activity, including: a project (management process) or a process (process management process). The management process begins with an idea or a goal. Then comes a plan or strategy on how to achieve the original idea or goal. Next comes the assessment of how successful the plan or strategy will be. Finally, implementation of the plan or strategy occurs.
All managers must begin by developing a vision or a statement of purpose for their company. In addition, they must then decide on specific functional and organizational functions that will support the vision or purpose. Managers must also decide what management functions and processes will be necessary for fulfilling their vision and purpose. Finally, the tasks that are required to achieve these objectives must be organized and directed by the managers.
In order to understand the scope of the management process, it is helpful to see the scope of the management function in terms of its broad perspective. In this broad perspective, the broad aspects of management function can be thought of in smaller sections, for example: planning, organizing, leading, implementing and controlling. It is important to remember that the planning section is of particular importance because it provides the information needed by all the other departments to coordinate with one another. Furthermore, the planning section also provides the information needed by the managers themselves so that they can set the objectives and plan the resources for achieving them.
Another aspect of the management process focuses on motivation. What motivates people? What are the sources of motivation? And how can the managers use these sources of motivation to influence people? Motivation is an important aspect of the management process because in order to effectively motivate people you need to offer them an opportunity to take responsibility for their own actions in a structured environment.
The third aspect of the management process is organizing or planning. How does the planning function? How do you organize and plan? Who decides what should be organized and planned and who decides what should be left free in the planning phase? Organizing and planning go hand in hand because in order to successfully organize and plan you need to effectively communicate your goals and your methods of achieving those goals.
When you organize and plan you provide a framework for the achievement of the objectives. You then provide specific information about the procedures and activities required to reach your objectives. Finally, you provide a mechanism for the management process itself. For example, you might organize and plan the time frames for achieving the goals of the management process. Your team members would then have a specific time frame in which they would meet the objectives you recommended setting objectives.
The fourth component of the management process is ensuring that you are accountable for the outcome. This means that you must ensure that all of the activities leading up to achieving the objectives of the management process are undertaken in a systematic way. In the final analysis, the person responsible for ensuring that the outcomes are achieved is yourself. You are the business unit, not the individual or persons involved in the various activities. For example, if you have a team, you would appoint one member of the team to be in charge of the achievement of the objectives. This would be called the team leader.
The fifth component of the management process is engaging in problem analysis. Problem analysis enables you to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and procedures you have set up. You can also use the problem analysis to suggest improvements in the methodologies and systems that you have in place. Finally, you engage in problem analysis to ensure that you have made sufficient adjustments to the methods and procedures that you have in place so that the objectives of the management process can be attained. These five components of the management process are instrumental in making sure that the organization is organized and directed towards its objectives.